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The Centre for Green Transition and Marine Ecology works to provide clarifications and material for detailed environmental assessments before the construction of offshore wind farms. Among others, we are involved in the following large-scale projects:

The project pages link to information about ongoing research results that are relevant for each area.

Energy Islands North Sea

Denmark will be the first country in the world to develop two energy islands with a capacity that takes into account a grid connection of a total of 5 GW of offshore wind. One of the islands is to be located in the North Sea with an installed capacity of 3 GW of offshore wind around the island. The island can be further scaled up and thus allow for a grid connection of up to 10 GW of offshore wind. The project name is "Energy Island – North Sea" and is expected to be fully operational in 2033.

ENS screening for wind farm potential

Strategic screening and assessment of the offshore wind potential for the total Danish sea area as well as environmental mapping and environmental assessment of large-scale development of offshore wind in Denmark.

North Sea I offshore wind farm

The North Sea I project will undertake offshore surveys of birds, bats and marine mammals in a specified area of the North Sea.


Offshore Low-trophic Aquaculture in Multi-Use scenario Realisation will demonstrate and promote multi-use low trophic aquaculture (MU-LTA) in both low and high salinity offshore waters, bringing together state-of-the- art practices in MU-LTA and key industry partners, achieving at least TRL7 and paving the way for a low- impact and low-carbon seafood industry.


Predators and Prey Around Renewable Energy Developments is a collaborative project, funded by the Offshore Wind Evidence & Change program and Crown Estate Scotland. It will simultaneously investigate the distribution and behavior of predators (seabirds and marine mammals) and prey (fish) in and around offshore wind farms, providing critical insight into cumulative effects from large-scale development for key species.


WInd Energy and Nature-based solutions integrated at sea will map the animal and plant life on turbines and erosion protection at the wind turbines on Kriegers Flak and compare with the animal and plant life on natural reefs in the area to investigate how the offshore wind turbines affect biodiversity.


The SMART farm concept for scaling up seaweed production will bring Danish produced sugar seaweed into play as a scalable, green solution to produce an attractive bioresource, and at the same time improve the marine environment and climate. We want to reduce production costs significantly, and bring the cultivation of sugar seaweed in Denmark up to a scale and quality that is profitable, and make it attractive for Danish feed and food companies to use the local sugar seaweed rather than imported seaweed.